Lev2:11: the Law provided that no meal offering should be made with leaven.Leviticus 6:17: in the law of the meal offering, it is written, "it must not be baked with yeast...it is most holy".
The two wave loaves of the Pentecostal offering (Leviticus 23:17) were baked with leaven because they typified the Church of God, including Jews and Gentiles, and signified that we are accepted in the Beloved despite our indwelling evil nature, for He was made sin for us (2 Corinthians 5:21).
In His personal ministry our Lord often used leaven as a type of evil. At one time His disciples forgot to take a supply of bread with them. Jesus told to them; "Be careful. be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees." MAT 16:6 Then they understood that he was not telling them to guard against the yeast used in bread,
but against the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees. MAT 16:12 In Luke 12:1 the Lord Jesus warned His disciples,"Be on your guard against the leaven of the Phariseeswhich is legalism, ritual and hypocrisy. The leaven of the Sadducees was their unbelief
in the Resurection and the supernatural workings of God, such as miracles.
And in Mark 8:15 Jesus also warned them against the leaven of Herod, evidently meaning the lust for worldly power. Therefore Leaven is a figure of corruption.
During the 19th Century in Germany a discipline arose called "Historical Criticism" as an outgrowth of legitimate textual criticism within hermenuetics; the methodology and principles employed in Biblical interpretation. Whereas textual criticism dealt with the integrity of word usage in manuscript copies (also linguistic evaluation of words used in their historical context). historical criticism questions the integrity of the message itself. Form criticism, an extension of the latter, questions the integrity of the sources of the Scriptures. Clearly the principles of historical criticism operate from a denial of the divine inspiration of the Holy Scriptures. This was the first stage in Satan's temptation of Eve; "Yea, hath God said..." Gen.3:1. Temptation usually begins with doubt about God's Word proceeds with disbelief in God's Word, and ends in denial and disobedience through sin. The temptation concludes with "...ye shall be as gods." This is the position that a critic of God's Word assumes when he arrogantly proposes to judge what God has revealed. Although Schleiermacher was the forerunner of modern theological liberalism, his views were certainly not widely accepted in the early 19th century. Historical criticism began a departure from the absolute standard of God's Word and has degenerated into a complete denial of the basic tenets of the Christian Faith. Although the Medieval Church was abused by leadership that was oftentimes licentious, covetous, immoral, and scandalous in behavior, these corrupt men never denied the basic principles of the Christian Faith because it was from these principles that they derived their power.
Only in the mid-19th and 20th centuries has professing Christendom ever witnessed such a radical departure from basic Christian doctrine such as the Doctrine of Christ (2John 8-9 and Faith Statement).
Albrecht Ritschl (1822-1889) rejected emphasis on experience and taught ethical values. He also rejected:
doctrine of original sin
Incarnation, Resurrection and deity of Jesus Christ
vicarious substitutionary atonement of Jesus
miracles recorded in the Scripture
laid the foundations for the "social gospel"
Adolph Von Harnack (1851-1930)
denied that Jesus ever claimed deity and His miracles
claimed Paul corrupted the simple religion of Jesus.
F.C. Bauer (1792-1860) Biblical Criticism
rejected historical Christian doctrines
used Hegel's principle of dialectic in Christianity eg. the dialect between Peter (Jewish) and Paul Gentile Theology) produced synthesis.
David Strauss (1808-1874); student of F.C. Bauer
denied historical accuracy of biblical accounts
viewed the Bible as a myth
believed that Jesus was only a symbol of the "Absolute Idea"; the God-man which is the human race.
All 5 Books of the Pentateuch were not written by Moses.
Horace Bushnell (1802-1876) Father of American Theological Liberalism
rejected original sin, rejected the doctrine of divine inspiration of the Scriptures
Rudolph Bultmann (1884-1976) developed form criticism arguing that very little could be traced to Jesus, Himself.
He embraced the dialectic theology of Karl Barth.
He "demythologized" the New Testament, denying Jesus' physical Resurrection.
He claimed that the "how and why of Jesus' death are unimportant"
He attempted to fit the Gospel into an existential framework
claimed that the Gospel of John was highly influenced by Gnosticism.
Paul Tillich (1886-1965)
approached an understanding of God philosophically rather than theologically believed God is not a personal Being; He is the Power of Being sin is estrangement from one's true self. The Fall was not an historic event. salvation is "ultimate concern" for the kind of life seen in Christ Christ is a symbol of the "New Being" rejected belief in Jesus' Incarnation and physical Resurrection.
Harry Emerson Fosdick (1878-1969) Father of Neo-Liberalism. Educated at Union Theological Seminary. Attacked Fundamentalism.
Walter Horton also classified as "neo-liberal" viewed man as basically good.
Theologians of the "God-Is-Dead" Movement: In the 1960's several former students influenced by these teachers began teaching:
These men were:
Paul Van Buren(b. 1924)taught at Episcopal Theological Seminary, Austin, TX.
William Hamilton (b. 1924) Baptist Minister who taught at Colgate Divinity School.
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881-1955) Jesuit anthropologist who attempted to reconcile Christianity with evolution. He claimed that the world was an "evolving cosmogenesis" moving towards the Omega Point-Christ. de Chardin's teachings were originally rejected by the Roman Catholic Church but have gained acceptance since Vatican II. His teachings are popular in the New Age Movement.
The following is a summary of major Roman Catholic Theological thought over the last 30 years contained in the teachings of three of its leading figures:
Hans Kung (b.1928) Roman Catholic Theologian and Professor at Tubingen
attacked infallibility of the Scriptures
believes that Jesus did not assume the title of "Messiah" and that "Son of God" has nothing to do with his nature. He denies the deity of Jesus Christ. Kung has been disciplined by the Roman Catholic Church for some of his teachings which include attacks on papal infallibility
Karl Rahner (1904-1984) Roman Catholic Theologian and major driver of Vatican II. He taught at Innsbruck and Munster. He taught and developed Thomism.
claimed that a human being, by nature of his intellect, is pre-disposed to a knowledge of God. He doesn't recognize man's fallen nature. Rahner taught an anthropomorphic theology and
perceived Christ as the pinnacle of human evolution. He didn't teach the two natures of Jesus Christ.
Edward Schillebeeckx (b. 1919) Roman Catholic Theologian
Notes on theologians taken from Ennis, Paul. Moody Handbook of Theology.Chicago: Moody Bible Institute, 1989
Bible References from KJV
Historical references from:
Dowley, Dr. Tim. Eerdman’s Handbook to The History of Christianity
Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1977
Manschreck, Clyde L. A History of Christianity. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1964. Vol. 2
Schaff, Philip. History of the Christian Church. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1910. Vol. IV
Unity & Departure from the Basic Tenets of the Christian Faith
The Thinking & the Theology of Hort & Westcott
Examples of Apostasy & Denial of the Word of God
Denial of JOHN 3:3
Woes & Abominations